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edc@eenadu.net

That was a wave of protests
Šê ª½Â¹¢’à …¢œË A¹-«Õ¹ åX˜äd X¾ŸÄ©Õ ‚¢’¹x-¦µÇ-†¾©ð ÍÃ©Ç …¯Ãoªá. Æ©Ç¢šË •¢{ X¾ŸÄ©ðx ÂíEo-šËE ’¹ÕJ¢* …ŸÄ-£¾Ç-ª½-º© ²Ä§ŒÕ¢Åî ¯äª½Õa-¹עŸÄ¢!

Sankar: See how the waves are rushing towards the shore! I think it is because the day after tomorrow is a full moon day (͌֜¿Õ, ‚ Æ©©Õ ‡¢ÅŒ „ä’¹¢’à Bª½¢-„çjX¾Û «®¾Õh-¯Ão§çÖ! ‡©Õx¢œË ¤ùª½gNÕ Æ«-œ¿¢-«©x ÆÊÕ-¹עšÇ).

Bharath: Obviously. The sea is on the high tide on the full moon day and the waves rise very high (Æ¢Åä ¹ŸÄ. ¤ùª½gNÕ ªîVÊ ®¾«á-“Ÿ¿-X¾Û-{-©©Õ …„çy-ÅŒÕhÊ ©ä²Ähªá).

Sankar: Look, some one from a distance is waving at you. Is that someone you know? (͌֜¿Õ, ‡«ªî Ÿ¿Öª½¢ ÊÕ¢* FÂ¹× Íäªá «ÜX¾Û-ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoª½Õ. FÂ¹× ÅçL-®ÏÊ „Ã@ìx-«Õ-¯Ão¯Ã?)

Bharath: How poor your eye sight is! You know him as well as I do. It is Ravindra (F Ÿ¿%†Ïd ƢŌ Ō¹׈-«’à …¢Ÿä¢šË? ÆÅŒÊÕ ¯Ãé¢Ō Åç©Õ²ò FÂ¹Ø Æ¢Åä Åç©Õ®¾Õ. ÆÅŒÊÕ ª½O¢“Ÿ¿ ¹ŸÄ?)

Sankar: Yes. He is (Æ«ÛÊÕ. ÆÅŒ¯ä).

Bharath: Certainly a good sort. When we didn't have enough money to pay those charges he got them waived by talking to his officer (E•¢’à «Õ¢*„Ãœ¿Õ. «ÕÊ¢ \Ÿî ¹šÇd-LqÊ œ¿¦Õs «ÕÊ Ÿ¿’¹_ª½ ©äÊ-X¾Ûœ¿Õ, ÅŒÊ åXjÆ-Cµ-ÂÃ-JÅî «ÖšÇxœË «ÕÊÂà ÍÃKb-©ÊÕ NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá¢X¾Û Íä¬Çœ¿Õ).

Sankar: Yea. He took just a verbal assurance from us that we would pay it later and got our job done (Æ«ÛÊÕ. ÅŒªÃyÅŒ ÍçLx-²Äh-«ÕÊo «ÕÊ ¯îšË «Ö{ÊÕ £¾ÉOÕ’Ã B®¾Õ-¹×E «ÕÊ X¾E Íäªá¢-ÍÃœ¿Õ).

Bharath: The officer was good too, but he was quite verbose. He would use very high sounding words where simple words would do („Ã@Áx ÆCµ-ÂÃK «Õ¢*-„Ãœä, ÂÃF ‚§ŒÕÊ «Ö{© X¾šÇ-šðX¾¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ«. *Êo-*Êo «Ö{-©Åî ®¾Õ©-¦µ¼¢’à Åç©Õ-X¾-’¹© ¦µÇ„ÃFo åXŸ¿l-åXŸ¿l «Ö{-©Åî ÅçL-§ŒÕ-X¾-ª½Õ-²Ähœ¿Õ).

Sankar: Anyway, they did help us. He is coming towards us. Let us meet him(\Ÿçj-Åä¯ä¢, ƒŸ¿lª½Ö ²Ä§ŒÕ¢ Íä¬Çª½Õ. ÆÅŒÊÕ «ÕÊ-„çjX¾Û «®¾Õh-¯Ãoœ¿Õ. „çRx ¹©ÕŸÄl¢ X¾Ÿ¿).

WORDS OFTEN CONFUSED
I) i. Wave = Æ©. «áÈu¢’à ®¾«á-“Ÿ¿X¾Û Æ©

a)Sivaram: How did you and where did you spend last evening? I tried for you but your phone didn't respond (EÊo ²Ä§ŒÕ¢“ÅŒ¢ ‡Â¹ˆœ¿ ‡©Ç ’¹œË-¤Ä«Û? FÂ¢ “X¾§ŒÕ-Ao¢-ÍÃÊÕ. ÂÃF F ¤¶òÊÕ ÊÕ¢* ®¾p¢Ÿ¿Ê ©äŸ¿Õ).

Trivikram: I took my uncle to the beach. We spent an hour there watching the waves breaking on the shore («Ö «Ö«Õ-§ŒÕuÊÕ ®¾«á-“Ÿ¿-B-ªÃ-EÂË B®¾Õ-éÂ-@ÇxÊÕ. ƹˆœ¿ „äÕNÕ-Ÿ¿lª½¢ ®¾«á-“Ÿ¿X¾Û Æ©©Õ Bª½¢ OÕŸ¿ Nª½Õ-ÍŒÕ-¹×-X¾-œ¿œ¿¢ ֮͌¾Öh ’¹¢{-æ®X¾Û ’¹œË¤Ä¢).

b) Balaji: What was the commotion at the college a few days ago? (\¢šË, ÂíCl-ªî-V© “ÂËÅŒ¢ ‚ ¹@Ç-¬Ç-©©ð ’휿«?)

Doraswamy: That was a wave of protests by the students against the steep increase in the fees (ÆC ¹@Ç-¬Ç© X¶ÔV NX¾-K-ÅŒ¢’à åX¢*-Ê¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× «uA-êª-¹¢’à …„çy-ÅŒÕhÊ ©ä*Ê Eª½-®¾Ê Æ©).

…Êo-{Õd¢œË åXŸ¿l-‡-ÅŒÕhÊ ©äÍä ¦µÇ«¢ ÂÃF, ÍŒª½uÊÕ ÂÃF Wave ÆE Æ¢šÇ¢.

*Wave of opposition = …„çy-ÅŒÕhÊ ©ä*Ê «uA-êª-¹Ō

*A wave of violence = £ÏÇ¢²Ä-Â✿, wave of crime = ¯äªÃ© ®¾¢Èu B“«¢’à ŠÂ¹ˆ …Ÿ¿Õ-{Ê åXª½-’¹œ¿¢

*Wave of protests = Eª½-®¾Ê Æ©

*a wave of panic = NX¾-K-ÅŒ-„çÕiÊ ¦µ¼§ŒÕ¢ ŠÂ¹ˆ …Ÿ¿Õ-{ÕÊ åXª½-’¹œ¿¢

*Heat wave = („äœË/ «œ¿’éÕp©Õ)

waveÂ¹× ƒ¢Âî ƪ½n¢ Ð «ÜX¾{¢, Íäªá, èã¢œÄ ©Ç¢šËN

ii. Waive = Not to insist on a condition/ a rule = (†¾ª½-ÅŒÕÊÕ ’ÃF/ E¦¢-Ÿµ¿-ÊÊÕ ’ÃF NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá¢-ÍŒœ¿¢/ NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá¢X¾Û ƒ«yœ¿¢)

a) Subodh: He is just thirteen years old. How did they allow him to take the exam? Isn't he under aged? (ÆÅŒ-EÂË X¾Ÿ¿-«â-œä@ìx ¹ŸÄ? X¾K-¹~Â¹× ‡©Ç £¾É•-ª½-«-E-ÍÃaª½Õ? «§ŒÕ®¾Õ Ō¹׈« ¹ŸÄ?)

Surya: In view of his extraordinary brilliance they have waived the age rule in his case (ÆÅŒE ƲÄ-ŸµÄ-ª½º ÅçL-N-Åä-{-©ÊÕ Ÿ¿%†Ïd©ð …¢ÍŒÕ-¹×E ÆÅŒºËg «§ŒÕ®¾Õ E¦¢-Ÿµ¿Ê ÊÕ¢* NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá¢-Íê½Õ).

b) Bhagavan: That's (that is) really a wonderful movie. It certainly is quality entertainment with a message too (ÆC ÍÃ©Ç ’íX¾p *“ÅŒ¢. «Õ¢* N©Õ-«-©ÕÊo N¯îŸ¿¢, ®¾¢Ÿä-¬Á¢Åî)

Kesari: You are right. I hope the government will waive the entertainment tax for the movie (ÊÕ«Ûy ®¾J’Ã_ Íç¤Äp«Û. “X¾¦µ¼ÕÅŒy¢ ŸÄEo N¯îŸ¿¢ X¾ÊÕo E¢* NÕÊ-£¾É-ªá-®¾Õh¢-Ÿ¿E ‚P-®¾Õh¯Ão).

* Waive = Exempt from

II) i. Verbal: connected with words («Ö{-©Â¹× ®¾¢¦¢-Cµ¢-*Ê/ «Ö{-©Â¹× «Ö“ÅŒ„äÕ X¾J-NÕ-ÅŒ-„çÕiÊ, Æ¢˜ä ªÃÅŒ-Âî-ÅŒ©Õ ©ä¹עœÄ)

eg: Verbal assurance = An assurance/ a promise given orally (by word of mouth and not in writing) = ¯îšË «Ö{Åî ƒÍäa £¾ÉOÕ/ ¯îšË «Ö{© „Ã’ÃlÊ¢, ªÃÅŒ-Âî-ÅŒ© ª½ÖX¾¢©ð ÂùעœÄ)

a) Mahendra: Oh, things did not go as I had planned. You didn't do things the way I had told you (¯äÊÕ «Ü£ÏÇ¢-*Ê NŸµ¿¢’Ã/ ¯Ã “X¾ºÇ-R¹ “X¾Âê½¢ •ª½-’¹-©ä-ŸäD. ¯äÊÕ ÍçXÏpÊ NŸµ¿¢’à ÊÕ«Ûy Í䧌Õ-©äŸ¿Õ).

Sheriff: The whole trouble is due to your giving us verbal instructions. If only you had put them down on paper we would have done a good job of it (¨ ƒ¦s¢-Ÿ¿¢Åà ÊÕ«Ûy ¯îšË «Ö{© ŸÄyªÃ «ÖÂ¹× ®¾ÖÍŒ-Ê-L-«yœ¿¢ «©x «*a¢C. ÆŸä ÊÕ«Ûy ªÃÅŒ©ð ƒ*a …¢˜ä „äÕ¢ ®¾J’ïä Í䮾բ-œä-„Ã@Áx¢).

b) Dilip: Are you sure he will keep to his part of the agreement? You have only a verbal agreement (ÆÅŒÊÕ ÅŒÊ«¢ÅŒÕ ŠX¾p¢-ŸÄEo Æ«Õ©Õ Íä²Äh-œ¿¢-šÇ„Ã? OÕ «ÕŸµ¿u …ÊoC ¯îšË «Ö{ ŠX¾p¢-Ÿ¿„äÕ ÂÃF, X¾“ÅÃ©ä¢ ©ä«Û ¹ŸÄ?)

Asad: Don't worry. I have never known him go against his word with him an oral agreement is as good as a written one (\¢ ¦µ¼§ŒÕ-X¾-œ¿Â¹×. ÆÅŒ-¯çX¾Ûœ¿Ö «Ö{ ÅŒXÏp-Ê{Õd ¯ä¯ç-ª½Õ-’¹ÊÕ. ÆÅŒE N†¾-§ŒÕ¢©ð ÆÅŒE ¯îšË «Ö{¹×, ªÃÅŒ-X¾“ÅŒ¢ ƢŌ N©Õ« …¢C).

ii. Verbose = ªÃÅŒ©ð/ «Ö{©ðx *Êo «Ö{©ðh ¦µÇ„ÃEo ÅçL-æX¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× ¦Ÿ¿Õ©Õ åXŸ¿låXŸ¿l «Ö{©Õ ‡Â¹×ˆ-«’à „ÃœË «ÕÊ ¤Ä¢œËÅŒu¢ ÍŒÖXÏ¢-ÍŒÕ-Âî-«œ¿¢

(using more words than are necessary and also high sounding words)

a) Vinod: The party cannot get votes through his speeches (‚§ŒÕÊ …X¾-¯Ãu-²Ä© «©x ¤ÄKdÂË ‹{Õx X¾œ¿«Û).

Pandit: You are right. He is verbose and people don't have the patience to listen to him (ÊÕ«y-ÊoC E•„äÕ. ÆÅŒE «Ö{ Ÿ¿œ¿-¦œ¿ ‡Â¹×ˆ-«-«-œ¿¢Åî •¯Ã-EÂË ÆÅŒE …X¾-¯Ãu®¾¢ N¯ä ‹XϹ …¢œ¿Ÿ¿Õ).

b) Rameswar: He has written a number of books, hasn't he? But he appears to have made little money (ÆÅŒÊÕ ÍÃ©Ç X¾Û®¾h-ÂÃ©Õ ªÃ¬Çœ¿Õ ¹ŸÄ? ÂÃF ƢŌ œ¿¦Õs Í䮾Õ-¹×-Êo{Õd ©äœ¿Õ).

Dayakar: How can he? His writing is verbose and the readers don't find them interesting (‡©Ç Í䮾Õ-Âî-’¹-©œ¿Õ? ‚§ŒÕÊ ª½ÍŒ-Ê©ðx «Ö{© Ÿ¿œ¿-¦œ¿ ‡Â¹×ˆ«. ÂíCl-«Ö-{©Õ „Ãœ¿-’¹-L-T-Ê-Íî{ ‡Â¹×ˆ« «Ö{©Õ „Ãœ¿-œ¿¢Åî ¤Äª¸½-¹×-©Â¹× ƢŌ ‚®¾ÂËh …¢œ¿Ÿ¿Õ)

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