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My father had brought her up

PHRASAL VERBS ÊÕ Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹ע˜ä English ƪ½n¢ Í䮾Õ-Âî-«œ¿¢ ÅäL-¹-«Û-ŌբC. ®¾¢Ÿ¿-ªÃs´-ÊÕ-²Äª½¢ OšËE „Ãœ¿{¢ ¯äª½Õa-¹ע˜ä «ÕÊ ®¾¢¦µÇ-†¾º, ªÃÅŒ ÍÃ©Ç ®¾£¾Ç-•¢’à …¢šÇªá!

Seshachalam: That's my daughter. You rarely get to see her here because my father had brought her up. I had to leave her with my father because of my frequent transfers (ÆC «Ö Æ«Ötªá. ÊÕ«Ûy ÅŒÊE ‡Â¹×ˆ« ͌֜¿«Û. ‡¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹¢˜ä «Ö ¯ÃÊo åX¢ÍÃœ¿Õ Æ«Öt-ªáE. ¯ÃÂ¹× ÅŒª½ÍŒÖ ¦C-M-©-«œ¿¢ «©x «Ö ¯ÃÊo Ÿ¿’¹_ª½ «Ÿ¿-©ÇLq «*a¢C ÅŒÊE).

Badri: Oh, I see. That's why I rarely see her here with you. She is very well behaved. Your dad had brought her up on sound lines (Æ«Û¯Ã. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹¯ä ¯äÊÕ ÅŒÊE F Ÿ¿’¹_-éª-X¾Ûpœ¿Ö ͌֜¿-©äŸ¿Õ. OÕ ¯ÃÊo ͌¹ˆ-’ïä åX¢ÍÃœ¿Õ OÕ Æ«Öt-ªáE).

Seshachalam: She is very good at studies. My son who I have put up in a hostel is unable to catch up with her in studies (ÅŒÊÕ ¦Ç’à ͌Ÿ¿Õ-«Û-ŌբC. £¾É®¾d©ðx åXšËdÊ «Ö ƦÇsªá DEÂË ®¾«Ö-Ê¢’à ͌Ÿ¿-«-©ä-¹-¤ò-ÅŒÕ-¯Ãoœ¿Õ).

Badri: But you are a man with a lot of foresight. You've (you have) done a good thing by laying aside a tidy sum for him to start a business. By the way, how are your plans to buy or build a house progressing? (ÂÃF ÊÕ«Ûy Ÿ¿Öª½-Ÿ¿%†Ïd ¹©-„Ã-œËN. OÕ Æ¦Çsªá „Ãu¤Äª½¢ Íä殢-Ÿ¿Õ-¹×-’ÃÊÖ ÊÕ«Ûy Âë-©-®Ï-ʢŌ œ¿¦Õs êšÇ-ªá¢* åXšÇd«Û. ÆC ®¾êª-ÂÃF ƒ©Õx ¹˜äd/ Âí¯ä ‚©ð-ÍŒÊ \„çÕi¢C?)

Seshachalam: Oh, my brother has fouled up everything. He kicked up a row with the contractor and that's (that has) led to the stopping of the work (‹, «Ö ÅŒ«át-œ¿¢Åà ¤Äœ¿Õ Íä¬Çœ¿Õ. ‚ Ââ“šÇ-¹d-ªýÅî ¤òšÇx{ åX{Õd-¹×-¯Ãoœ¿Õ. ŸÄ¢Åî X¾E ‚T-¤ò-ªá¢C).

Notes: 1. On sound lines = ®¾“¹-«Õ¢’à (in a proper way)
2. Foresight = Ÿ¿Öª½-Ÿ¿%†Ïd
3. Tidy = Æ®¾-©ª½n¢Ð neatly arranged (…¢œÄ-LqÊ Íî{ ÆFo …¢œ¿œ¿¢) ƒÂ¹ˆœË ƪ½n¢Ð ÍÃL-ʢŌ («Õ¢* „çáÅŒh¢)

Now look at the following phrasal verbs from the dialogue above:
1. My father had brought her up
2. My son who I have put up in a hostel is unable to catch up with her
3. You have done a good thing by laying aside a tidy sum
4. My brother has foul up everything

1. To bring somebody up (past tense: 'brought somebody up') = raise/ take care of a child and help it to grow = åX¢ÍŒœ¿¢
a) Vivek: Are the boy and the girl her children? She loves them so much (‚ ƦÇsªá, Æ«Ötªá ‚„çÕ XÏ©x©Ç? ‚„çÕ „Ã@ÁxÊÕ Æ¢ÅŒ’à “æXNÕ-®¾Õh¢C).

Bhavan: No. They lost their parents in their early childhood. She has brought them up. She loves them as if they were hers (Âß¿Õ. „Ã@ÁÙx *Êo-X¾Ûpœä ÅŒLx-Ÿ¿¢-“œ¿Õ-©ÊÕ ¤ò’í-{Õd-¹×-¯Ãoª½Õ. ‚„çÕ „Ã@ÁxÊÕ åX¢* åXŸ¿l-Íä-®Ï¢C. ÅŒÊ ²ñ¢ÅŒ Gœ¿f© ¹¯Ão „Ã@Áx-¯ç-¹׈« “æXNÕ-®¾Õh¢C).

Chaitanya: I don't see why people say there is no goodness in this world. My step mother in spite of having a child of her own has brought me up as her own child (“X¾X¾¢-ÍŒ¢©ð «Õ¢* ©äŸ¿E ‡¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹¢-šÇªî ƪ½n¢ Âß¿Õ. ¯Ã ®¾«A ÅŒLx ÅŒÊ ²ñ¢ÅŒ Gœ¿f Â¹ØœÄ ÊÊÕo Â¹ØœÄ ÅŒÊ ²ñ¢ÅŒ Gœ¿f©Ç åX¢*¢C).

Ramanath: You are really lucky that way (‚ NŸµ¿¢’à ÊÕ«Ûy ÆŸ¿%-†¾d-«¢-ÅŒÕ-œË„ä).

2. Catch up with: draw level with = to equal those ahead of us = «ÕÊÂ¹× «á¢Ÿ¿Õ-Êo-„Ã@Áx ²ÄnªáE Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-Âî-’¹-©-’¹œ¿¢/ „Ã@ÁxÅî ®¾«Ö-Ê-«Õ-«œ¿¢

a) Manohar: I am really proud of our recent achievement- The MOM (Mars Orbiter Mission). It has proved that given the resources we are second to none in the world («ÕÊ¢ ²ÄCµ¢-*-Ê-ŸÄEo ’¹ÕJ¢*РƢ˜ä Æ¢’Ã-ª½-Â¹×œË Â¹Â¹~u-©ðÂË …X¾-“’¹-£¾ÉEo “X¾„ä-¬Á-åX-{dœ¿¢)Ð E•¢’à ¯äÊÕ ’¹ª½y-X¾-œ¿Õ-ŌկÃo. «ÕÊ¢ ‡«-JÂÌ B®Ï¤ò«ÕE ª½ÕV-„çj¢C).

Neeraj: Within a very short time we have been able to catch up with the advanced countries (ÍÃ©Ç ÅŒÂ¹×ˆ« Âé¢-©ð¯ä «ÕÊ¢ Æ“’¹-ªÃ-èÇu© ²ÄnªáÂË Í䪽Õ-Âî-’¹-L’â).

b) Nagaraj: Who finally won the car race? (Âê½Õ X¾¢Ÿç¢©ð ‡«ª½Õ é’©Çaª½Õ?)

Ganesh: For the most part the red car Suman was driving was ahead. But in the last lap, Ramesh in his blue car caught up with him and over took him (ÍéÇ-Ÿ¿Öª½¢ «ª½Â¹× ®¾Õ«Õ¯þ Åî©Õ-ÅŒÕÊo ‡“ª½ Âê½Õ «á¢Ÿ¿Õ¢C. ÂÃF *«J Ÿ¿¬Á©ð ª½„äÕ†ý ÅŒÊ F©¢ Âê½Õ©ð «á¢Ÿ¿ÕÊo ®¾Õ«Õ-¯þÊÕ Í䪽Õ-¹×E, ÆÅŒEo ŸÄšË „çRx-¤ò-§ŒÖœ¿Õ).


3. Lay aside: to set apart = Âí¢ÅŒ œ¿¦Õs X¾Â¹ˆÊ åX{dœ¿¢, \Ÿçj¯Ã …Ÿäl-¬Á¢Åî.
a) Chidanand: Gajendar is soon has he provided anything for his children? (’¹è䢓Ÿ¿ ÅŒyª½-©ð¯ä …Ÿîu’¹ Nª½-«Õº Í䮾Õh-¯Ãoœ¿Õ. XÏ©x-êÂ-„çÕi¯Ã \ª½p-ª½-ÍÃœÄ?)

Prakash: He is very careful that way. He has planned everything well. He has laid aside enough sums for his daughter's marriage and for his son's support till he gets a job (‚ N†¾-§ŒÕ¢©ð ÆÅŒÊÕ ÅçL-N-’Ã¯ä …¯Ãoœ¿Õ. „Ã@Áx-«Ötªá åXRxÂË, „Ã@Áx-¦ÇsªáÂË …Ÿîu’¹¢ «Íäa-«-ª½Â¹× ÆÅŒEo ¦µ¼J¢-Íä¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× Âë-©-®ÏÊ œ¿¦Õs \ªÃp{Õ Íä¬Çœ¿Õ).

b) Krishna: Is that widow well provided for? (‚ ¦µ¼ª½h Âî©ðp-ªá-¯Ã-„çÕÂ¹× \„çÕi¯Ã ‚ŸµÄª½¢ …¢ŸÄ?)

Barath: Her position is pitiable. Her late husband squandered all the money without laying aside anything for her (‚„çÕ X¾J-®ÏnA ÍÃ©Ç Ÿ¿§ŒÕ-F§ŒÕ¢. ÍŒE-¤ò-ªáÊ ‚„çÕ ¦µ¼ª½h œ¿¦s¢Åà Ō’¹-©ä-¬Çœ¿Õ. ‚„çÕ-Â¢ \¢ \ªÃp{Õ Í䧌Õ-¹עœÄ).

4. To foul up= Spoil plans, arrangement etc. (X¾Ÿ±¿-ÂéÕ, \ªÃp-{xÊÕ Í眿-’í-{dœ¿¢/ ¤Äœ¿Õ Í䧌՜¿¢)/ confuse/ cause disorder
a) Hanuman: I would have got all that I wanted from my boss, but I am very disappointed now (¯ÃÂ¹× ÂÄÃ-Lq¢-Ÿ¿¢Åà ¯äÊÕ F ¦Ç®ý Ÿ¿’¹_-ª½Õo¢* ¤ñ¢Ÿä-„Ã-œËE, ÂÃF ¯ÃÂ¹× EªÃ¬ì NÕT-L¢C).

Subbarao: Why, what happened? (\¢, \¢ •J-T¢C?)

Hanuman: That fool of Hemchand fouled up my plans in the last minute. He told the manager I was going to make huge profits, though it was not true (‚ «âª½Õ^œ¿Õ æ£Ç«Õ-ÍŒ¢Ÿþ ¯Ã X¾Ÿ±¿-ÂÃ-©Fo ¤Äœ¿Õ Íä¬Çœ¿Õ. „äÕ¯ä-•-ªýÅî ¯ä¯ä„çÖ ÍÃ©Ç ©Ç¦µ¼¢ Í䮾Õ-¹ע-{Õ-¯Ão-ÊE Íç¤Äpœ¿Õ, ÆC E•¢ Âù-¤ò-ªá¯Ã).

b) Karthik: It was very disappointing. We could have easily won the match (ÍÃ©Ç EªÃ-¬Á’à …¢C. «ÕÊ¢ ®¾Õ©-¦µ¼¢’à «ÖuÍý é’©-«-’¹-L-ê’-„Ã-@Áx„äÕ).

Prasanna: You are dead right. Narendra fouled up our chances by his careless bowling in the last two overs (ÊÕ«Ûy ÍÃ©Ç Â¹éªÂúd. Êꪢ“Ÿ¿ ÅŒÊ *«J 骢œ¿Õ ‹«ª½Õx Eª½x-¹~u¢’à ¦÷L¢’û Íä®Ï «ÕÊ Æ«-ÂÃ-¬Ç-©Fo Í眿-’í-šÇdœ¿Õ.

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