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idle, lazy... -\-NÕ-šË ÅäœÄ?
Idle away, Edge somebody out, Make both ends meet ..ƒ©Ç¢šË phrasal verbsª½ÍŒ-Ê©ðx ÅŒª½ÍŒÖ ¹Ê-X¾-œ¿Õ-Ōբ-šÇªá. OšË ƪ½n¢, “X¾§çÖ’¹¢ ®¾N-«-ª½¢’à Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹עŸÄ¢!
Kumar: He was idling away the whole of the afternoon lying in bed and reading some book, as if there weren't (were not) anything better to do.(X¾œ¿Õ-¹×E X¾Û®¾h¹¢ ÍŒŸ¿Õ-«ÛÅŒÖ ÅŒÊÕ Í䧌Ö-Lq¢Ÿä¢ ©äŸ¿-Êo-{Õd’à «ÕŸµÄu-£¾Ço-«Õ¢Åà X¾F-¤ÄšÇ ©ä¹עœÄ ’¹œË-æX-¬Çœ¿Õ.)

Sumanth: He has nothing to do now. He/ has lost his job. His boss who found him lazy edged him out and has replaced him with a more efficient man.(ÆÅŒ-Eê¢ X¾E-©ä-C-X¾Ûpœ¿Õ, ÆÅŒE …Ÿîu’¹¢ «ÜœË¢C. ƒÅŒÊÕ ²ò«ÕJ ÆE Åç©Õ-®¾Õ-¹×o-„Ã@Áx boss ÆÅŒEo „çÕLx’à Bæ®®Ï, ÆÅŒE ²ÄnÊ¢©ð ®¾«Õª½ÕnœçjÊ ÆÅŒEo E§ŒÕ-NÕ¢-ÍŒÕ-¹×-¯Ãoœ¿Õ.)

Kumar: Has he no job now? How then does he make ends meet? (ÆÅŒ-E-ÂË-X¾Ûpœ¿Õ …Ÿîu-’¹¢-©äŸÄ ƪáÅä? «ÕJ °N-ÅÃEo ‡©Ç ¯ç{Õd-Âí-®¾Õh-¯Ãoœ¿Õ?)

Sumanth: An old aunt of his died leaving behind some property. He has come into that property and that is tiding him over his financial worries. Further he is a man of few wants.(ÅŒÊ «á®¾L ÆÅŒh ‡«ªî ÍŒE-¤ò-ªá¢C, Âí¢ÅŒ ‚®Ïh «CL. ÆC ÆÅŒEo ¯ç’¹Õ_-Âí-Íäa{Õd Íä²òh¢C. Æ¢Åä-ÂÃ-¹עœÄ ÆÅŒ-EÂË Æ«-®¾-ªÃ©Õ Â¹ØœÄ ÍÃ©Ç ÅŒÂ¹×ˆ„ä.)

Kumar: Further he is not yet married.(Æ¢Åä-ÂÃ-¹עœÄ ÆÅŒ-EÂË åXRx Â¹ØœÄ Æ«-©äŸ¿Õ.)

Sumanth: That is a point too.(ÆD ŠÂ¹ Æ¢¬Á„äÕ.)

Now look at the following phrasal verbs from the conversation above.
1) He was idling away the whole of the afternoon.
2) His boss edged him out.
3) How does he make ends meet?
1) Idle away = spend time doing nothing = X¾F-¤ÄšÇ ©ä¹עœÄ \OÕ Í䧌Õ-¹עœÄ Âé¢ ’¹œË-æX-§ŒÕ{¢.

(idleÂÌ, lazyÂÌ ÅäœÄ \NÕšË? idle =Í䧌Õ-šÇ-Eê¢ X¾E-©ä¹ ®¾«Õ§ŒÕ¢ «ÜJ-ÂË¯ä ’¹œË-æX-§ŒÕ{¢. Lazy = ²ò«Õ-J’Ã, Í䧌Ö-LqÊ X¾E …¯Ão Í䧌Õ-¹עœÄ ’¹œË-æX-§ŒÕ{¢.)

a) Vijai: You know what Chethan likes most in his life?(ÍäÅŒ¯þ °N-ÅŒ¢©ð \¢ ‡Â¹×ˆ« ƒ†¾d-X¾-œ¿-ÅÃœî Åç©Õ²Ä?)

Gangadhar: To idle away the afternoons reading some book lying in bed.(X¾œ¿Õ-¹×E X¾Û®¾h¹¢ ÍŒŸ¿Õ«ÛÅŒÖ \¢ X¾E ©ä¹עœÄ «ÕŸµÄu-£¾Ço-«Õ¢Åà ’¹œË-æX-§ŒÕ{¢.)

b) Hemanth: Mahendra often gets evil ideas. He wants us all to go to Trinadh and draw him away from studies.(ÅŒª½ÍŒÕ «Õæ£Ç¢“Ÿ¿Â¹× Íçœ¿Õ ‚©ð-ÍŒ-Ê-©ï-®¾Õh¢-šÇªá. «ÕÊ¢-Ÿ¿ª½¢ „çRx “A¯Ã-Ÿ±þÊÕ ÍŒŸ¿Õ«Û ÊÕ¢* «ÕRx¢-ÍÃ-©¢-šÇœ¿Õ.)


Jagannath: The trouble is Mahendra idles away most of his time and gets such evil ideas.(«*aÊ *¹ˆ¢Åà «Õæ£Ç¢“Ÿ¿ X¾F-¤ÄšÇ ©ä¹עœÄ Âé¢ ’¹œË-æ®-®¾Õh¢-šÇœ¿Õ. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E ƒ©Ç¢šË Íçœ¿Õ ‚©ð-ÍŒ-Ê©Õ «®¾Õh¢-šÇªá ÆÅŒ-EÂË.)

Note this proverb - ¨ ²Ä„çÕÅŒ ’¹«Õ-E¢-ÍŒ¢œË: An idle person's brain is the devil's workshop.(X¾E-©äE „Ã@Áx «ÕÊ-®¾ÕÊÕ Íçœ¿Õ ‚©ð-ÍŒ-Ê©Õ Åí©Õ-®¾Õh¢-šÇªá.)

2) Edge somebody out = Make somebody lose their job without their not knowing it.(ŠÂ¹-JÂË X¾ÜJh’à ÅçM-¹עœÄ „ÃJ X¾Ÿ¿N/ ²ÄnÊ¢ Âî©ðp-§äÕ{Õx Í䧌Õ{¢.)

a) Amrith: The BJP is now filled with young blood.(ƒX¾Ûpœ¿Õ ¦µÇ•¤Ä §Œá«-ª½-¹h¢Åî …¢C.)

Bhargav: The Modi and Rajnath Singh group edged out old leaders like Advani, Jaswanth Singh etc.(„çÖœÎ, ªÃèü-¯Ã-Ÿ±þ-®Ï¢’û ¦%¢Ÿ¿¢ ÆŸÄyF, •®¾y¢-Åý-®Ï¢-’û-©Ç¢šË åXŸ¿l-„Ã-@ÁxÊÕ/ «§ŒÕ-®¾Õ-OÕ-JÊ „Ã@ÁxÊÕ X¾Ÿ¿-«Û© ÊÕ¢* „çÕLx’à Åí©-T¢-*¢C.)

Chakravarthi: There is a lot of dead wood in our Company. It can never progress so long as they are there.(Íä«-©äE Í繈©ÕРƢ˜ä ÂíÅŒh ‚©ð-ÍŒ-Ê©Õ ©äE, ¤ÄÅŒ-„Ã-@Áx¢Åà ¹¢åX-F©ð …¯Ãoª½Õ. „Ã@ÁÙx-Êo¢-ÅŒ-«-ª½Â¹× ¹¢åXF ÆGµ-«%Cl´ Í碟¿-©äŸ¿Õ.)

Damodar: I agree with you. Time that they are edged out.(Æ«ÛÊÕ, ¯äFoÅî Æ¢U-¹-J-®¾Õh¯Ão. „Ã@ÁxE „çÕLx’à Åí©-T¢-ÍÃ-LqÊ Æ«-®¾ª½¢ ‡¢Åî …¢C.)

3) Make both ends meet/ Make ends meet = to have/ to earn enough money to live on.(ƒ¦s¢C ©ä¹עœÄ ¦A-ê¢-Ÿ¿ÕÂ¹× Âë-©-®ÏÊ œ¿¦Õs ®¾¢¤Ä-C¢-ÍŒ{¢.)

a) Doraswamy: How much money, do you think, a person needs these days to live comfortably?(Âî¾h ƒ¦s¢C ©ä¹עœÄ °NÅŒ¢ ’¹œË-æX¢-Ÿ¿Õ¹×, ‡¢ÅŒ œ¿¦Õs ÂÄÃ-©¢-šÇ«Û?)

Ramamurthy: At least six thousand to seven thousand rupees to make ends/ both ends meet.(ƒ¦s¢-C-©ä-¹עœÄ ’¹œË-æX¢-Ÿ¿Õ¹×, ¹F®¾¢ ‚ꪜ¿Õ„ä©Õ ÂÄÃL ¨ ªîV©ðx.)

b) Edukondalu: I heard you were changing your job?(ÊÕ«Ûy …Ÿîu’¹¢ «Öª½Õ-®¾Õh-¯Ão-«E N¯ÃoÊÕ?)

Sheriff: I am unable to make both ends/ ends meet with the salary here. So I am quitting.(ƒÂ¹ˆ-œíÍäa °ÅŒ¢Åî ¯äÊÕ ’¹œ¿-X¾-©ä-¹עœÄ …¯Ão. Æ¢Ÿ¿Õ-¹E «Ÿ¿-L-„ç-Rx-¤ò-ŌկÃo.)

Quit =«C-©ä-§ŒÕ{¢

(’¹Õª½Õh¢C ¹ŸÄ Quit India Movement -“GšË-†ý-„Ã-JE ¦µÇª½Åý «Ÿ¿L „ç@Áx-«ÕÊo …Ÿ¿u«Õ¢.)

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