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తాజా వార్తలు

Published : 08/01/2020 01:57 IST
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My Mother is an apple of my eye


Idioms and Phrases

1.    What is an Idiom?
A:    It is a group of words in a fixed order that have a particular meaning that is different from the meaning of each word on its own.
       It is a figurative style of expression in  writing and speech. If helps us in real life situations and adds beauty, brevity, clarity etc to language.
       Let us see how to use some of the idioms/  phrases in our own sentences.
    I. Use any four of the following idioms/ phrases in sentences of your own.

                         4 X 1 = 4

    i) A hot potato          ii) hit the books
    iii) out of the blue     iv) apple of my eye
    v) look up                 vi) from top to bottom

Look at some of the idioms and their usage
1.    A hot potato = controversial and sensitive issue.
A:  a) Indiscipline in that class has become a hot potato.
      b) The issue of Jammu & Kashmir is a hot Potato between India and Pakistan.

2.    Beat around the bush = avoid the main topic.
A:    The criminal was beating around the bush when he was asked to tell the truth.

3.    Judge a book by its cover = judge something primarily on appearance.
A:    We haven't actually look into the matter. So, we can't judge a book by its cover.

4.    Caught between two stools = find it difficult to choose between two alternatives.
A:    I am unable to opt between the two career options. It is as if I was caught between two stools.

5.    Put all your eggs in one basket = put all the resources in one possibility.
A:    She put all her eggs in one basket. I think she is taking risk.

6.    Every cloud has a silver living = every misfortune has some positive aspect.
A:    Don't be sad about your failures. You should learn lessons from that. Moreover every cloud has a silver lining.

7.    Acid test = something that shows the true worth of something or someone.
    (proves the effectiveness of something).
A:    A teacher can't say anything about a student without acid test.

8.    Work like a charm = work very well.
A:    Government's Policy, giving free education, works like charm on the poor.

9.    A blessing in disguise = Something good that isn't recognized at first.
A:    I think the teacher has punished me. But it is in fact a blessing in disguise.

10. All greek to me = meaningless and in comprehensible.
A:   The new chapter is all greek to me though listened in the class.

11.    Apple of my eye = Someone who is cherished above all others.
A:    My mother is an apple of my eye.

12. Cross your fingers = to hope something happens the way you want it to.
A:    Cross your fingers that you would get good marks.

13. Back to square one = having to all over again.
A:    I didn't get good rank in EAMCET. So, I decided to back to square one to get it.

14. hit the sack = go to bed
A:    I must get up early tomorrow; I think I must hit the sack now.

15. Hit the books = to study, especially for a test
A:    Exams are fast approaching. You need to hit the books.

16. Give (some one) the slip = to escape.
A:    I just didn't want to attend the meeting. So, I gave them the slip at the office.

17. Haste makes waste = doing things hastily results in a poor ending.
A:    You wrote many answers wrong. So, you got less marks. Haste makes waste.

18. From top to bottom = very thoroughly
A:  a) I prepared for my exam from top to bottom.
      b) The security guard checked me from top to bottom before I entered the office.

19. Dead to the world = sleeping very deeply
A:    Someone was Knocking the door; but I was dead to the world.

20. A red letter day = a day when something very important happens
A:    It was a red letter day, when I got first rank in 10th class in the whole of the school.

21. chase rainbows = to waste your time trying to get something that you can not.
A.    An average student should not aim at IIT. It is a chase of rainbows.

22. part and parcel = an essential or basic element
A:   a) These are the part and parcel of the course. We can't skip them.
      b) Hyderabad is a part and parcel of Telangana State.

23. Grease someone's palm = to give money to an official for an unfair advantage (bribe)
A.    Now-a-days even for a routine service we need to grease the officer's palm.

24. Like oil and water = two people who are different from each other.
A:    They have been in the same class. Yet they are like oil and water.

25. A night owl = Some one who regularly prefers to work late at night
A:    Software professionals are mostly night owls.

26. A square meal = a large, filling, nutrition meal.
A:    Many people work for long hours to get a square meal a day.

27. The lion's share = the largest part of something
A:    My father gave a lion's share of his property to my younger brother.

28. Out of the blue = unexpectedly
A:    The result was really out of the blue.


Note - Making

Note - Making is an art that should be developed by all students as it can make learning easy. One can get success in exams by their own notes. We need to collect necessary facts and ideas, and arrange them properly in our mind so that we can easily prepare our notes whenever required.
'Note - Making' is important because,
a) It actively involves you in the learning process, which is good!
b) It improves your reading skills, vocabulary and note - making skills too.
c) Making notes allows you to reduce information to a manageable size and it is an aid to exam revision.
d) It helps you to think about your subject and also to retain the information.

Points to remember while making - notes:
1) Selecting the salient points
2)    Suggesting an appropriate title.
3)    Present information in a logical sequence.
4)    The notes should be neat, brief, clear and easy to understand and remember.
5)    Complete sentences need not be written: Phrases/ Clauses serve the purpose.
6)    Usually notes may be in the form of numbered points.
7)    Graphs, diagrams, tables may be used wherever necessary.
8)    Shorts forms, abbreviations, symbols etc. may be used whenever possible.

Structure of the notes:
The notes usually consists of two or three sections. The sections are
I) Main Section: 1, 2, 3, 4 etc.
II) Sub-Sections: a, b, c, d etc.
III)  Sub-Sections: i, ii, iii, iv etc.

Example - 1                   4 X1 = 4
Read the following passage and make notes:

Newspapers are a form of written publication that contain news, information and advertising, newspapers hold up-to-date information about politics, economics, sports, entertainment, crime, business and society. There are several advantages that newspapers have over other media of information and entertainment. They are reliable and cheap source of information. As the cost of newspapers is negligible, they can be bought even by those who are not well-to-do. Another advantage of newspapers is that they can be read even if one is on the go. It does not require any special effort to carry a newspaper when one is travelling by bus or train. The extreme portability of news papers makes them a popular and convenient source of information. In fact newspapers are specially offered to passengers when they embark on long haul flights.

Newspapers help us to keep abreast of what is happening, not only in our own town or country, but in every nook and corner of the globe. They help in improving language skills. Further, they are a good source of entertainment too. Lakhs of people are avid readers of the cartoons that are published in newspapers daily. The crossword puzzles and mathematical puzzles like sudoku keep one engaged for hours.

News papers - Uses

A: I) News Papers are a form of publications
     II) They contain news, information, advertisements
     a) local  b) national c) international news
III) Various advantages
     a) affordable
     b) can be read even when travelling
     c) easy to carry
     d) reliable source of information
IV) Offer entertainment
      a) cross word puzzles  b) sudoku

Example - 2                   4 X 1 = 4
Read the following passage and make notes.

Amitabh Bachchan is one of the  most well-known celebrities in India and is known worldwide as the most  influential Bollywood actor of all time. He was born Amitabh Harivansh Bachchan on the 11th of October 1942 in Allahabad to the acclaimed poet, Harivanshrai Bachchan, and his wife Teji Bachchan. Amitabh's mother was a home maker while his father enjoyed great success as a poet in the chayavaad movement of literature and was awarded the coveted Padma Bhushan for his contribution to literature of India. Amitabh married fellow actress Jaya Bhaduri, with whom he had appeared in several movies. The couple married on June 3, 1973. At that time, Jaya was highly successful and was, by some counts, more successful than her husband. Shortly after their marriage, the couple starred together in a movie, Abhimaan, and it was a major hit. The couple are together since  40 years, making their liaison one of the most successful marriages in Bollywood.

    Amitabh and Jaya have two children, Shweta and Abhishek. Shweta is married to Rajkapoor's grandson, Nikhil Nanda. Abhishek Bachchan is married to the highly successful actress, Aishwarya Rai. Shweta and Nikhil have a son, Agastya, and a daughter, Navya Naveli, Abhishek and Aishwarya have a daughter, Aradhya.

"I know Amitabh's family"

A:  1. Amitabh Bachchan is one of the most  well known celebrity in Bollywood with Worldwide popularity.
2.    Born on 11-10-1972 in Allahabad to Harivanshrai Bachchan, a successful poet and Padma bhushan awardee and Teji Bachchan, a home maker.
3.    Amitabh married Jaya Bhaduri, a fellow actress on 03-6-1973.
4.    They acted together before and after marriage.
5.    Living together for over 40 years, they made their marriage the most successful in Bollywood.


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