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Published : 23/02/2020 01:58 IST
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Indian spiritual values include..?

\Nation and Diversity
A.Reading : My Childhood
Reading Comprehension
Read the following passage.10 M

Every child is born, with some inherited characteristics, into a specific socio economic and emotional environment and trained in certain ways by figures of authority. I inherited honesty and self - discipline from my father; from my mother, I inherited faith in goodness and deep kindness and so did my three brothers and sister. I had three close friends in my childhood - Ramanadha Sastry, Aravindan and Sivaprakasan. All these boys were from orthodox Hindu Brahmin families. As children, none of us ever felt any difference amongst ourselves because of our religious differences and upbringing. In fact, Ramanadha Sastry was the son of Pakshi Lakshmana Sastry, the high priest of the Rameswaram temple. Later he took over the priesthood of the Rameswaram temple from his father; Aravindan went into the business of arranging transport for visiting pilgrims; and Sivaprakasan became a catering contractor for the Southern Railways.
During the annual Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony, our family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the Lord from the temple to the marriage site, situated in the middle of the pond called Rama Tirtha which was near our house. Events from the Ramayana and from the life of the prophet were the bedtime stories my mother and grandmother would tell the children in our family.

Now answer the following questions. Each question has four choices. Choose the correct answer.
1. This is an excerpt of .......
A) Interview   B) Auto-biography
C) Report   D) Essay
2. According to the passage who is the 'figure of authority' for the author? 
A) Parents   B) Brothers
C) Sisters   D) Friends
3. Later in life, Aravindan became?
A) a transport business man
B) a catering contractor for southern railway
C) the high priest of Rameswaram temple
D) the President of India
4. Qualities that the author inherited from his father were 
A) faith in goodness and deep kindness
B) authoritativeness
C) self discipline
D) honesty and self discipline
(Q.no.5 – 7): Answer the following questions in two or three sentences each. 
5. What did Kalam's family do during Sri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony?
6. 'Every child is born with some inherited characteristics'. What do you think of yours?
7. What factors do you think help them to live together where families of different religious live together?
Answers
1-B; 2-A; 3-A; 4-D
5. During Shri Sita Rama Kalyanam ceremony Kalam's family used to arrange boats with a special platform for carrying idols of the lord from the temple to the marriage site.
6. I also inherited honesty and kindness from my parents.
7. Religious harmony, communal tolerance and social equality make the people live together where families of different religious live together.
C. Reading: Unity in Diversity in India
Reading Comprehension
Read the following passage. 5 M
India has a rich cultural heritage. We are inheritors of several grand treasures in the fields of music, fine arts, dance, drama, theatre and sculpture. Our sages and seers have left behind a tradition of piety, penance, spiritual greatness, conquest of passion etc. Our scriptures are the storehouses of spiritual wisdom. Our saints aspired to the realisation of the infinite. We have inherited great spiritual values contrasted with which the materialistic progress of the West appears insignificant.
The West has to learn a lot from India, and it has now been realised when people in the United States and Europe are turning to the Indian way of life. Indian yogis and maharshis, musicians and spiritual leaders have all attracted them in a big way. A significant move to project India's cultural unity has been the holding of festivals of India in various parts of the world. The West is fast inclining towards our spiritual values which include meditation and contemplation, charity and love, universal brotherhood and fear of God, piety and unselfishness, control of passions and peace of mind.

Now answer the following questions. Each question has four choices choose the correct answer.
1. The passage is an excerpt of ...
A) Story            B) Narrative
C) Essay              D) Description
2. What is the significance of our scriptures?
A) They are very ancient
B) They are the storehouses of spiritual wisdom
C) They are created by men sages
D) They are very modern
3. Indian spiritual values include ....
A) Meditation and love B) Charity and love
C) both A and B  D) Tradition and Modernity
(Q.no: 4 - 5) Answer the following questions in one or two sentences.
4. Who are responsible for our tradition of spiritual greatness?
5. Which people are turning to the Indian way of life?
Answers
1-C; 2-B; 3-C
4. Our sages and seers are responsible for our tradition of spiritual greatness.
5. The people of United States and Europe are turning to the Indian way of life.
Vocabulary and Grammar
Complete the following passage choosing the right words from the given box.
2 1¾2  M
conservative, educated, varying, utterly, segregation, forced, orthodox
On the whole, the small society of Rameswaram was very rigid in terms of the ...... (1) of different social groups. However, my science teacher Siva Subramania  Iyer, though an ....... (2) Brahmin with a very ......... (3) wife, was something of rebel. He did his best to break social barriers so that people from ....... (4) backgrounds could mingle easily. He used hours with me and would say 'Kalam, I want you to develop so that you are on far with the highly ...... (5) people of the big cities.
Answers
1. Segregation             2. Orthodox
3. Conservative 4. Varying  5. Educated
Major Discourses
I. In the lesson 'My Childhood' Dr. APJ. Abdul Kalam speaks of his childhood you have read that Kalam shares about his experiences with a new teacher who made him sit separately from his friend in the class room. Later Lakshmana Sastry, the high priest, calls the teacher to warn him not to spread the poison of social inequality and communal intolerance.
Now write a possible conversation between Lakshmana Sastry and the teacher based on the above incident.
A:  Teacher: Good evening sir.
Lakshmana Sastry: Good evening, take your  seat.
Teacher: Thank you sir, why did you call me?
Lakshmana Sastry: What happened in my son's classroom today? you made Kalam go and sit on the back bench, didn't you?
Teacher: Yes, I thought it was not our custom  for a Muslim boy sitting beside a Brahmin boy.
Lakshmana Sastry: Don't think like that, as teacher you should not do that.
Teacher: Actually..... um.
Lakshmana Sastry: Don't say anything you shouldn't spread the poison of  social inequality and communal intolerance in the minds of innocent children.
Teacher: Sorry sir, I could have not behaved like that.
Lakshmana Sastry: Ok, it is not enough you should change your attitude.
Teacher: I will follow your advice, Thank you Sir.

 


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