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Modal auxiliary verbs play a crucial role in English language by indicating possibility, necessity, permission, ability or obligation.

Published : 16 Apr 2024 00:36 IST

TRT 2024 English 

Modal auxiliary verbs play a crucial role in English language by indicating possibility, necessity, permission, ability or obligation. They add layers of meaning and nuance to 0sentences, enabling speakers to express degrees of certainty or uncertainty, politeness, and hypothetical situations. Examples include "can", "could", "will", "would", "should", "may", "might", and "must". Their flexibility allows for precise communication and nuanced expressions, enhancing the richness of language interaction.

Modal Auxiliary Verbs

1.    Choose the option which does not belong to the General Feature of Model Auxiliary verbs

1) Modals are followed by ‘to’ 
2) Two modals are never used together in a sentence 
3) Base form verb is used with modals 
4) Modals do not change depending on the number and the person of the subject 

2.  Lalitha used to take a slate to school. It means.... 

1) Lalitha is taking a slate to school 
2) Lalitha has been taking a slate to school 
3) Lalitha doesn’t take a slate to school now 
4) Lalitha takes a slate to school 

3. Which of the following statement expresses a desire politely 

    1) Would you give me your pen please. 
    2) I would like to have a cup of    coffee. 
    3) He would be in the ground now. 
    4) All above 

4. Modal verb ‘shall’ is used ..…. 

   1) With the first person pronouns to express Simple future 
    2) To express an offer 
    3) With second and third person to express determination, promise or warning 
    4) All above 

5. At the railway station, bags ……. not to be unattached. There are thieves. 

Fill the blank with suitable verb. 

1) must  2) may     3) can  4) shall 

6. Raju used to live in Hyderabad. The given sentence means that 

    1) Raju has been living in Hyderabad. 
    2) Raju is living in Hyderabad. 
    3) Raju lives in Hyderabad. 
    4) Raju doesn’t live in Hyderabad now. 

7. “Could I join the programme?” The function of the sentence is 

    1) to demand    2) to suggest 
    3) to request     4) to express ability 

8.Choose the modal verb that is used for making a deduction or expressing certainty. 

1) can  2) shall  3) must    4) would 

9. Choose the sentence in which ‘may’ is expressing possibility.

    1) May I borrow your pen? 
    2) It may snow tomorrow. 
    3) You may leave the room. 
    4) May I ask a question? 

10. Could you please pass the salt? The function of ‘could’ in the    sentence.

1) polite request
2) permission 
3) future intention
4) certainty 

11. The modal verb ‘could’ is used to express 

    1) past ability     2) command 
    3) instruction     4) obligation 

12. May I have a moment of your time? Identify the function of ‘may’ in the sentence above

1) Giving permission 
2) Expressing possibility 
3) Expressing obligation 
4) Polite request and taking permission 

13. You needn’t worry about it. In the above sentence, needn’t is used to express

1) possibility           
2) negation of necessity 
3) conditional possibility     
4) polite request 

14. ‘Used to’ is used for indicating 

    1) Future actions     
    2) Past habits 
    3) Conditional statements 
    4) Polite requests 

15. You ought to apologize.Choose the function of ‘ought to’ in the above sentence. 

    1) Future actions
    2) Past habits 
    3) Moral obligation     
    4) Polite requests 

16. Identify the correct word to fill in the blank. You are wasting a lot of time watching TV. You …… concentrate on your studies. 

    1) may   2) will   3) must    4) ought 

17. Modal ‘will’ is used ….. 

    1) In simple future with V1 when the subject is 2nd person / 3rd person 
    2) To make a request 
    3) With first person to express intention, determination, promise or warning 
    4) All above 

18. “I would to like to have your bicycle”. The sentence is used to express …..

    1) a desire politely     
    2) a polite request 
    3) present probability
    4) All above 

19. “What can I do for you?” This expression refers to 

    1) Asking for permission     
    2) Offering help 
    3) Giving suggestion        
    4) Expressing ability 

20. “Can I take leave of you?”It denotes 

   1) Taking permission in formal way 
    2) Expressing possibility 
    3) Taking permission in an informal way 
    4)  Giving permission in an informal way 

21. Which of the following modal is used to express past frequent actions?

1) would  2) had to 3) ought to 4) could 

22. You must stop at red signal.The  underlined word denotes 

    1) possibility     2) intention 
    3) purpose     4) obligation 

23. The modal ‘Might ’ is used

 1) To make informal request 
 2) To make request more politely 
 3) To make request expressing a doubt whether one’s request is granted or not 
 4) All above 

24. “May you be successful in your career?” The sentence express ….. 

1) Wish 2) Possibility 
3) Prayer 4) None of the above 

25. “May I borrow your cycle please?” The sentence is used to make ….. 

    1) A request more polite 
    2) A request most polite 
    3) An informal request 
    4) None of the above 

26. The modal verb 'can' is used …… 

    1) To express present ability 
    2) To express past ability 
    3) Present probability 
    4) None of the above 

27. ‘‘Shall I wait till you come?’’ The function of the modal in the above sentence is 

1) order
2) suggestion 
3) obligation
4) offer 

28. Raju is very ill. He ought to see a doctor. The underlined sentence refers to the function     

    1) Expressing reason 
    2) Expressing purpose 
    3) Expressing obligation     
    4) Complaining 

29. “Can I see you”, I asked, “alone”? The given expression refers to the function 

    1) seeking permission    
    2) greeting     
    3) expressing ability     
    4) asking questions 

30. Some birds may have flown thousands of miles by the time they reach India in June. Here the use of ‘may’ refers to the function 

    1) Expressing reason 
    2) Expressing purpose 
    3) Expressing possibility 
    4) Expressing conditions 


1-1; 2-3; 3-2; 4-4; 5-1; 6-4; 7-3; 8-3; 9-2;   10-1; 11-1; 12-4; 13-2; 14-2; 15-3; 16-3; 17-4; 18-1; 19-2; 20-3; 21-1; 22-4; 23-3; 24-1; 25-3; 26-1; 27-4; 28-3; 29-1; 30-3.

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